Welcome to the Emareye Resource Center

Welcome to the Emareye Resource Center! Here you will find many of the resources you may need related to questions about grammar, style, word usage, and content. Also, you will find articles related to manuscript preparation and publication, along with tips for increasing the chances of getting into a high impact journal. Below are some featured articles and resources. On the right, you will find links to all of our resources and resources from across the internet.

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Start early—A substantial portion of the manuscript can be written before the project is completed. Even though you will revise it later, starting early will help document the methods and guide the analysis.

Focus on high-visibility components—Pay attention to what readers are most likely to look at: the title, abstract, tables, and figures. Strive to develop a set of tables and figures that convey not only the major results but also the basic methods.

Develop a systematic approach to the body of the paper—A standard framework can make it easier to write the introduction, methods, results, and discussion. An obvious organization with frequent subheadings and consistent labels makes the paper easier to read.

Finish strong—Improve the paper by sharing it with others and by learning how to elicit and receive their feedback. Take the time to incorporate useful feedback by revising frequently.

Preparing a manuscript for publication in a medical journal is hard work. Authors must strike a balance between being comprehensive and being clear. They must engage the reader’s interest and communicate results succinctly. And, to continue to have the time to do research, they must develop a systematic approach to manuscript preparation.

Tips on how to write a powerful introduction


Fundamentals

The Introduction consists of four fundamental parts, i.e., a short review of the main subject of the study, the shortcomings of previous studies, the aim of the study and the scope of the study.

The short review

The introduction must start with a short review that outlines the core of the subject. The review should be concise, interesting and informative. Long historical reviews are dull. The review varies in length from one sentence to several paragraphs, and it should be supported by the major and more recent references. Nevertheless, do not use too many references, as these are more suitable for the later discussion.

Shortcomings of the existing studies

The author should convince the reader of the importance of the study by giving reasons for investigating this particular subject. This could be achieved by addressing the problems, limitations and shortcomings of previous studies.

The aim of the study

The study should answer a timely and important question, the rationale of the study must be strong and very clear, and the results should be an addition to the existing knowledge.

Scope of the study

At the end of the introduction there must be a short paragraph setting out the scope of the study, providing a quick overview of the organization of the study that follows.

 
Rule 1. Use concrete rather than vague language.

Vague: The weather was of an extreme nature on the West Coast.
This sentence raises frustrating questions: When did this extreme weather occur? What does “of an extreme nature” mean? Where on the West Coast did this take place?

Concrete: California had unusually cold weather last week.

Rule 2. A sentence fragment is usually an oversight, or a bad idea. It occurs when you have only a phrase or dependent clause but are missing an independent clause.

Sentence fragment: After the show ended.

Full sentence: After the show ended, we had coffee.

Rule 3. Use consistent grammatical form when offering several ideas. This is called parallel construction.

Correct: I admire people who are honest, reliable, and sincere.
Note that are applies to and makes sense with each of the three adjectives at the end.

Incorrect: I admire people who are honest, reliable, and have sincerity.
In this version, are does not make sense with have sincerity, and have sincerity doesn’t belong with the two adjectives honest and reliable.

Rule 4. Avoid overusing there is, there are, it is, it was, etc.

Example: There is a case of meningitis that was reported in the newspaper.

Revision: A case of meningitis was reported in the newspaper.

Even better: The newspaper reported a case of meningitis. (Active voice)

Rule 5. Use active voice whenever possible. Active voice means the subject is performing the verb. Passive voice means the subject receives the action.

Active: Barry hit the ball.

Passive: The ball was hit.

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